HOW WORDS OF FOREIGN LANGUAGES FORM THEIR PLURAL a) 1. analysis analyses 9. metamorphosis metamorphoses 2. axis axes 10. narcosis narcoses 3. basis bases 11. oasis oases 4. crisis crises 12. parenthesis parentheses 5. diagnosis diagnoses 13. synthesis syntheses 6. ellipsis ellipses 14. synopsis synopses 7. hypothesis hypotheses 15. thesis theses 8. hypnosis hypnoses HYPOTHESIS = an idea or explanation for something that is based on
Some nouns have singular and plural forms alike a) Miscellaneous 1. aircraft 5. corps 9. innings 13. precis 2. craft 6. counsel 10. issue 14. series 3. spacecraft 7. crossroads 11. means 15. species 4. barracks 8. headquarters 12. offspring 16. works CRAFT = boat/boats) BARRACKS = a large building or
How COMPOUND NOUNS are made plural A) Normally the last word is made plural; e.g. 1. boy-friend boy-friends 6. foot-man foot-men 2. break-in break-ins 7. Chief minister Chief ministers 3. travel agent travel agents 8. Major-General Major-Generals 4. step-son step-sons 9. maid-servant maid-servants 5. step-daughter step-daughters BREAK-IN = an illegal forced entry of a building or vehicle, typically to steal
SINGULAR/PLURAL OF NUMBERS AND MEASUREMENTS A) The words day, month, minute, mile, kilo, dozen, gross, pair, score, hundred, thousand, million, billion, trillion when used with a number immediately before a noun, are never made plural; e.g. a) a six-minute wait b) a ten-second silence c) a five-mile race d) six hundred
Nouns that are always plural and take plural verbs A) Certain Collective Nouns, though singular in form, are always used as plurals; as 1. cattle 6. folk 11. peasantry 2. cavalry 7. gentry 12. police 3. clergy 8. insignia 13. poultry 4. electorate 9. odds 14. riches 5. excreta 10.
UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS & SINGULAR/PLURAL Some of the uncountable nouns are: luggage, baggage, breakage, furniture, drapery, imagery, scenery, poetry, pottery, machinery, work, paper, wood, iron, stone, glass, dust, rubbish, dirt, electricity, traffic, information, advice, chalk, food, bread, grass A) Uncountable nouns are always singular and are not used with A/AN; so the following sentences are incorrect.
COLLECTIVE NOUNS & SINGULAR/PLURAL Collective nouns army, assembly, audience, choir, clan, class, club, committee, community, company, council, congregation, crew, crowd, family, firm, flock, gang, government, group, herd, intelligentsia, jury, nobility, opposition, orchestra, parliament, public, team, union, etc. can take a singular or plural verb. They take singular verb if we consider the
CONFUSING WORDS & THEIR SINGULAR/PLURAL 1. Nouns having two plural forms with different meanings appendix – appendixes or appendices (medical terms) appendix – appendices (addition/s to a book) brother – brothers (sons of the same parent) brother – brethren (members of a society or a community) cloth – cloths (kinds or
SOME SPECIFIC NOUNS & THEIR SINGULAR/PLURAL 1. BEAUTY The noun BEAUTY when referring to COMBINATION OF QUALITIES THAT GIVE PLEASURE TO THE SENSES (especially the eye and the ear) or referring to the MORAL SENSE OR INTELLECTUAL, is an uncountable noun and hence has no plural form, and is always
1. INTRODUCTION We have two articles A/AN and THE. They come before nouns only. ‘A’ or ‘AN’ is called the indefinite article, because it usually leaves the person or thing spoken of indefinite; as. I met a doctor. ——–means any doctor; not any specific one. ‘THE’ is called the definite